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Electric field characteristics of leader and return in triggered lightning

ZHANG Qi-lin~1,QIE Xiu-shu~1,ZHOU Yun-jun~1,ZHANG Ting-long~1,KONG Xiang-zhen~1,FENG Gui-li~1,YANG Jing~1,ZHAO Yang~1,ZHANG Yi-jun~2 (1.Laboratory of Western Climatic and Environment Disaster Research,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China;2.Loboratory of Lightning Physics and Protection,Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences,Beijing 100081,China)  
In the summer of 2005,a comprehensive observation on triggered lightning discharges was conducted in Binzhou,Shandong.Five lightning flashes were successfully triggered with three with classical triggering method and two with altitude triggering method.The vertical electric field changes of the bidirection leader system and the dart leader-return stroke of negative triggered lightning discharges at distances of 60 m and 550 m are presented.The electric field changes produced by the bidirection leader system at 60 m and 550 m are negative 4.70~14.60 kV/m and positive 0.11~0.16 kV/m,respectively.The slope coefficient of the charge distribution along lightning channel for the bidirection leader system is estimated to be(1.2~3.8)×10~(-7)C·m~(-2).The dart leader-return stroke sequences appear as V-shaped pulses,with the bottom of the V-shaped pulse being associated with the transition from the leader to the return stroke.The electric field changes produced by the dart leaders at 60 m and 550 m are 17.80 kV/m and 1.20 kV/m respectively.The distance dependence of the dart leader electric fields change is the-1.18th power of the horizontal distance.
【Fund】: 国家杰出青年科学基金资助课题(40325013);; 国家自然科学基金资助课题(40675008)
【CateGory Index】: P427.3
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