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《Qilu Journal》 2003-04
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On Confucianists’ Conception of History in Western Han Dynasty

ZHANG Qiu sheng (Department of History, Qufu Normal University, QuFu 273165, China)  
In the eyes of Confucianists in Western Han Dynasty,history is the history of politics.They agree unanimously that history is changeable,though there are such unchangeable elements as “doctrines” existing in it.The tendencies of changes of history are advancing,retreating,cycling,and the replacement of prosperity and decline.In history ,to abdicate and hand over the crown to another person or to conquer by force of arms can result in changes.There are various reasons for these changes,too.People play an important part in these reasons,and in the element of people,the confucianists paid special emphasis on the controlling effect of kings and ethics.Traditionally kings and ethics are God’s will.Therefore,the confucianists’ conception of history is mainly the conception of God’s will,of kings,and of ethics.
【CateGory Index】: B234
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