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《Chinese Journal of Cancer Prevention and Treatment》 2009-02
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Comparative study on concentrations of mineral and trace elements in human body and environment between high risk and low risk areas of esophageal cancer in Hebei

LIANG Suo-yuan1,ZHAO Shu-qing2,ZHANG Xiu-lan1,AI Jun1 1.Institute of Cancer,Fourth Hospital of Heibei Medical University,Shijiazhuang 050011,P.R.China2.Shijiazhuang Center of Disease Control,Shijiazhuang 050011,P.R.China  
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the correlation of mineral and trace element concentrations in the earth and body fluid and the distribution of esophageal cancer mortality,so providing the evidences for the prevention of esophageal cancer.METHODS:Copper,zinc,iron,calcium and magnesium contents in the earth and the residents' saliva,hair and nail were detected in a high risk area of esophageal cancer in Cixian Country,and a low risk area of Chicheng Country by WFX-1D atomic absorption spectrophtometer.RESULTS:1)The concentrations of copper and zinc in the earth of Cixian Country were significantly higher than those of Chicheng Country,while the concentrations of iron,magnesium,rate of copper/zinc were lower,t=2.167-25.94,P=0.034-0.000;2)The concentrations of copper,iron,magnesium,rate of copper/zinc in the saliva of residents of Cixian Country were significantly higher than those of Chicheng Country,while the concentrations of zinc was lower,t=3.143-9.266,P=0.007-0.000;3)The concentrations of copper,rate of copper and zinc in the hair of residents of Cixian Country were significantly higher than those of Chicheng Country,while the concentrations of iron was lower,t=2.425-8.663,P=0.013-0.000;4)The concentration of zinc in the nail of residents of Cixian Country was significantly higher than that of Chicheng Country,t=3.103,P=0.006.For in the earth,saliva,hair and nail the concentrations of calcium,there was no significant difference between the high and low areas,t=1.954-0.140,P=0.058-0.981.CONCLUSION:The difference of mineral and trace element concentrations in the earth may be associated with the great regional variation in the esophageal cancer mortality in Hebei Province.
【Fund】: 河北高校强势特色学科肿瘤学科项目资助(2006-2010)
【CateGory Index】: R735.1
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