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《Acta Meteorologica Sinica》 1957-02
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THE WIND STRUCTURE AND HEAT BALANCE IN THE LOWER TROPOSPHERE OVER TIBETAN PLATEAU AND ITS SURROUNDING

YEH TU-CHENG Lo SZU-WEI CHU PAO-CHEN (Institnte of Meteorology and Geophysics)  
First in this paper the mean 2-year mean winter and summer wind fields below 6kmover Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding are presented.In winter the main features on 1.5km(fig.1)and 3 km(fig.2)level are the splitting of the westlies over the plateau,the lineof convergence to the east of the plateau and the“dead-water”regions(characterized by calmwind and little disturbances,except small local vortices)respectively to the east and west of theplateau.On 6km(fig.4)the minor features disappear but the splitting is still evident.Insummer in the vicinity of the plateau low level wind blows cyclonically around it(fig.6—7).Surround this large cyclonic whirl are small systems.On 6km(fig.8)the wind blows anticy-clonically around the plateau.The center of the this anticyclone may be located at the SE cornerof the plateau.This kind of vertical structure of this wind field indicates that the temperatureover the plateau is higher than the surrounding.The region of high temperature is estimated toreach at least as high as 9 km.There is strong vertical motion in the vicinity of the plateau.In winter on its SE the motionis upward,while in the rest of the region the motion is in the main downward.In summer themean motion fundamentally upward velocity reaches about 1 cm/sec,on 6km.Mean advection and temperature gradient(fig.5 for winter and fig.9 for summer)between 3—6km are also calculated from the wind data under geostrophic assumption.Secondly the heat balance over the plateau is estimated from the calculation of short waveabsorption,codensation heating,long wave cooling,temperature advection,adiabatic cooling(or warming)due to vertical motion and turbulent heat transfer from the ground.From thiscalculation it is concluded that Tibetan Plateau is a heat source in summer,while in winter theresult is not very conclusive.Probably in winter the SE part of it plays a role of warm sourcewhile the rest of the plateau plays a role of cold source.
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