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《ACTA METEOROLOGICA SINICA》 1994-03
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SOME NEW UNDERSTANDINGS OF PROCESSES AT THE LAND SURFACE IN ARID AREA FROM THE HEIFE

Hu Yinqiao; Gao Youxi (Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 730000)  
he survey for the HEIFE (Atmosphere-Land Surface Processes Experiment at Heihe River Basin. Western China) is given in this paper. Some basic subjects for land-surface processes in arid area are studied. They are: (i) The general characteristics about the energy budget on ground suface in arid area are analysed. The results show that the sensible heat flux on the surface energy budget is in majority. the latent heat flux may be neglected. (ii)The parameterizations of the land surface processes are studied. The influence of atmospheric stratification stability on the turbulent transfer of energy and matter must be considered in parameterizations of land surface processes in arid area. (iii) The interaction, which is a special phenomenon in arid area, between oasis and its desert circumstance is studied. The "coldisland effect" phenomenon in oasis and the "inverse humidity" phenomenon in desert near oasis are a result of the interaction between them. The results should improve the understanding of processes at the land surface in arid area.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重大项目 日本国文部省支持的中日合作项目 国家自然科学基金49275228 课题支持
【CateGory Index】: P437
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