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《Meteorological Monthly》 2008-06
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The Correlation Analysis between Cloud-to-ground Lightning Character and Precipitation of 070729 Super Rainstorm

Miao Aimei1 Jia Lidong2 Wu Zhen3 Zhang Louping4(1.Shanxi Meteorological Observatory,Taiyuan 030006;2.Shanxi Meteorological Bureau;3.Henan Meteorological Observatory;4.Yuanqu Meteorological Office)  
With the real-time data minutely measured by the lightning locator,and the precipitation data minutely measured from the encrypted precipitation station,as well as the satellite cloud picture,the cloud-to-ground lightning character in a super rainstorm occurred in the south of Shanxi on July 29-30,2007 was analyzed.The results show that the cloud-to-ground lightning appeared in the area of 500hPa,between 5840gpm and 5880gpm,and TBB≤-43℃.The areas surrounded by 3 longitude distance,the left side of low jet flow,and 2-3 latitude distance,the south side of 700hPa warm shear,enclosed by the area of TBB≤-63℃ or the south of cloud cluster,big value zone of TBB horizontal grads,are the high frequency and dense areas of the cloud-to-ground lightning.There is a good correspondence between these areas and rainstorm falling area.Three meso-βscale convective cloud cluster and one MCC are the main convective systems,which resulted in the super rainstorm.The analysis result indicates that the time when a couple of meso-βscale cloud cluster incorporates is the time when the frequency of lightning is higher.The position where a couple of meso-βscale cloud cluster incorporates is the area where the frequency of lightning is higher and the precipitation is stronger.There is a good relationship between the minutely cumulated number of cloud-to-ground lightning from single station and the minute precipitation from the encrypted precipitation station.It can be used to identify meso-γ scale convective system,remotely survey small scale strong precipitation,and forecast the coming of rain intensity peak value ahead of 35-40 minutes.Only in favorable allocation of upper and lower air system configuration,there will be a perfect correspondence between the local cloud-to-ground lightning frequency and rain intensity change along with time.
【Fund】: 山西省科技攻关项目“山西省中短期气象灾害预警系统”(041088)资助
【CateGory Index】: P458.121.1
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