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《Meteorological Monthly》 2008-12
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Analysis on the Characteristics and Reason of Heavy Rain and Strong Wind in Shanghai Caused by Typhoon Krosa

Liu Xiaobo Zou Lanjun Xia Li (Shanghai Meteorological Center, 200030)  
By use of AWS and other upper data, NCEP reanalysis, satellite and radar data, the reasons of heavy rain and strong wind in Shanghai caused by Typhoon Krosa (0716) during Oct. 7-8, 2007 are analyzed. Results show that the precipitation in Shanghai can be divided into two phases: the first is strong precipitation caused by the meso-scale cloud evolved from the periphery of typhoon; the second is the steady precipitation caused by combination of cold air and typhoon. The time of cold air invasion coincides closely with that of precipitation in Shanghai. The invasion of cold air is the main reason of heavy rain in Shanghai. In addition to the rich water vapor of typhoon itself, the subtropical high weakens on the northern side of typhoon and wind direction turns to southerly on the mid-high level of troposphere, the heat and vapor are provided for the development and maintenance of strong precipitation on the periphery of typhoon. Southwards cold and dry air together with warm and waterish current on the periphery of typhoon lead to stronger convergence, which provides the dynamic elevation mechanism for meso-scale convective cloud on the periphery of typhoon. Due to the flimsy cold air, the warm core of typhoon on the high levels is not destroyed. It leads to the cold air hovering near Shanghai, which slows down the moving velocity of typhoon and helps to durative heavy rain in Shanghai.
【Fund】: 上海市科委重大项目分项“洋山港海域大风大雾实时监测和预报技术研究及应用示范” 课题号:06DZ2011
【CateGory Index】: P444
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