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《Meteorological Monthly》 2009-11
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A Comparison and Analysis of the Results of Three Methods for the Calculation of Water Vapor Resources

Xiang Yuchun1 Chen Zhenghong2 Xu Guirong2 Chen Bo2 Cheng Yaping3(1.Weather Modification Office of Hubei Province,Wuhan 430074 2.Wuhan Institute of Heavy Rain of China Meteorological Administration;3.Meteorological Information and Technology Support Center of Hubei Province)  
Taking Hubei Province for example,based on the surface meteorological data,GPS/Met data and radiosonde data,the water vapor resources are calculated.Furthermore,the deviation of the first two kinds of methods from the third is evaluated by setting the radiosonde result as standards.The results show that as follows.(1)The values of water vapor resources based on the surface data are slightly smaller than that on the radiosonde data,and the annual average values at Enshi,Yichang and Wuhan Stations are about 4.7%,2.9% and 5.4% less than those by radiosonde data,respectively.But their monthly change trends are coherent.(2)At Yichang Station the deviation value of the result based on GPS data is a little higher than that on surface data in the same period,and the water vapor content is 5.6% more than that on radiosonde data but the result on the surface data is 3.5% less than that on radiosonde data.(3)About the effective vapor water in precipitation days,the deviation values of the first two methods are respectively only-1.4% and 8.4%.Therefore the precision of the method based on surface data and GPS data are higher and they can make up for the lack of radiosonde stations due to the adequate surface stations.In the mass,the precision of the method based on GPS is slightly less than that on surface data and this inadequacy can be amended.
【Fund】: 《空中水汽资源气象评价方法》国家标准资助
【CateGory Index】: P426.6
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