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《Meteorological Monthly》 2012-09
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Study of Thunderstorm Initiation and Intensification Rules Associated with Sea Breeze Fronts

LU Huanzhen~1 LIU Yiwei~1 LIU Aixia~2 ZHANG Nan~1 SUN Mina~1 1 Tianjin Meteorological Observatory.Tianjin 300074 2 Tianjin Institute of Meteorology,Tianjin 300074  
Using the radar and automatic weather station(AWS) data,and the Tianjin corrected sounding data,the rules and synoptic-scale meteorological conditions for three types of thunderstorms initiation and intensification associated with sea-breeze fronts in the Bohai Bay from 2004 to 2009 are investigated.Based on VDRAS(variational Doppler radar analysis system) data,the thermal and dynamical structures of the third type thunderstorm were analyzed.The results show that:(1) Under the strong instable environment, thunderstorm is initiated and intensified when it moves along the sea-breeze fronts.(2) The location, the rate of intensification,and the intensity are distinct for different types.(3) For typeⅠ,the dynamical is better than the other two types,and convection weather is stronger.For typeⅢ,the thermal, dynamical and vapour are better than the other two types,while CIN(convection inhibition) is small.(4) A mesoscale convergence line is formed at low-level by sea-breeze front.Vertical updrafts along the seabreeze front extend from the ground to the height of 3 km.Strong centers appear at the height of 1.5—3.0 km,and the maximum velocity is up to 1.9 m·s~(-1).
【Fund】: 公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200706042和GYHY20100605);; 预报员专项(CMAYBY2012-003);; 国家科技支撑计划重点项目《城市群高影响天气预报系统的集成和业务示范》(2008BAC37B05和2008BAC37B01);; 天津市气象局科研课题(201101和201102)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P446
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