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《Tropical Geography》 2008-02
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Development Periods and Mechanism of the Red Weathering Base of Alluvial Terraces: An Instance Study of the 6 Class Alluvial Terraces in Pingshi Basin of North Guangdong

LIU Kun,GAO Quan-zhou,JIAO Shu-lin,WANG Zhen-gang,SHE Jian-wei,DING Jian(School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)  
Total six classes of rock-based alluvial terraces are discovered in Pingshi Basin of the Wujiang River,Guangdong,which are the most classes of terraces in the province.The rock-bases of the terraces affected by the chemical weathering have developed into deep-thick red weathering bases,which are special weathering crust covered by alluvium.The alluvium,as the product of floodwater,reflects the intensity of the fluviation and the summer monsoon.The development of weathering base was influenced by the tectonic rise during the mid-Pleistocene and summer monsoon together.The TL data of the alluvial terracesi,ncluding(819±57)kaBP,(694±55)kaBP,(426±29)kaBP,(163±11)kaBP,show that the development time of the weathering rock-bases in Pingshi Basin accorded with the temporal-spatial characteristics of the Red Earth Period in South China,but its formation mechanism was different from that of the weathering crusts of corresponding terraces in the area,and it was mainly affected by the regional tectonic rise.The weathering rock-bases in Pingshi Basin developed one more class of terrace as compared with other places in South China during Q12 and Q22,and T1 in Pingshi Basin was formed during late mid-Pleistocene,earlier than that in other places of South China.When the red weathering crusts were developing in South China,the debris flow activation in western China also came forth many periods.As a whole,not only the development periods of debris flow were later than those of the red earth,but also its frequencies were less during the same period,indicating that the effect of summer monsoon on red earth development was more intense than that on the debris flow,when summer monsoon was intensified,and the hydro-cycle was quickened and chemical weathering reinforced.The climatic environment and tectonic movement offered the possibility to develop the double-layer planation surface in Pingshi Basin.The covered weathering rock-base may be a double-layer planation surface developed in sandstone areaI.f that is truei,t means that double-layer planation surface can develop in any kind of rock under suitable environment.The mid-Pleistocene is an important period for the weathering rock-bases development,when the tectonic movement was active and the summer monsoon was strong.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40671027);; 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20040558025);; 广东省自然科学基金(7003669)资助
【CateGory Index】: P512.31
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