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《TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY》 1999-02
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A STUDY ON THE BIOGEOMORPHOLOGICAL PROCESS OF TING KOK SANDY-GRAVELY MANGROVE COAST IN TOLO HARBOUR OF HONG KONG

Zhang Qiaomin Liu Sheng Sui Shuzhen Zhang Yechun (South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301)  
The results of comprehensive surveying of the 4 transects in geomorphology, sedimentology and botany show that the 8 77 ha mangrove forests of Ting Kok coast in Tolo Harbour of Hong Kong consist of narrow stripe of dwarf shrubs and small trees, and belong to typical hard bottom mangal of sandy-gravely coast. The mangrove community structure is evidently controlled by the geomorphology of the sand ridge inside the forest, the sandy-gravely substratum and the tidal inundation frequency(only occupying the tidal flat between the mean sea level and the mean tropic higher high water). Mangrove′s biogeomorphological processes are showed not only by trapping fine sediment and organic mater and forming special mangrove sediment and the steeper slope of the mangrove flat by siltation-up, but also by trapping coarse sediment driven by storm waves and being detained coastal sand ridge moving toward coast. Although the biogeomorphological functions of hard bottom mangal, which is lack of fine sediment supply, are in general weaker than those of the soft bottom mangal, both of them are important factors of stabilizing coastline and resisting the sea level rising, both of them belong to coastal ecologically critical area and should be well preserved.
【Fund】: “九五”国家科技攻关项目
【CateGory Index】: P737.172.658
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