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《Journal of Tropical Meteorology》 2006-02
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ACTIVITY OF TYPHOONS AND EXTREME RAINSTORMS IN SHANXI PROVINCE

HOU Jian-zhong1,WANG Chuan1,LU Yuan-ping 1,NING Zhi-qian1,DU Ji-wen2(1.Shanxi Meteorological Observatory,Xi’an 710015,China;2.Shanxi Province Meteorological bureau,Xi’an 710015,China)  
Based on the data of extreme rainstorms in Shanxi and near-coast typhoon movements in the past 35 years from 1970 to 2003,analyzing the time-space distribution statistics,synoptic meteorology,dynamical diagnosis and cloud image feature,this paper indicates that: the correlation rate is close to 87% and the typhoon influence is most obvious in July and August.Compared to north and northeast China,extreme rainstorms in Shanxi are pivotally influenced by long-distance typhoon movements.There are two kinds of typhoons influencing the rainstorm in Shanxi Province.One makes landfall on or moves around the island of Taiwan which transports large amount of vapor and energy at 850 hPa,and the cloud image between the two regions is featured by cloudless sky.The other is near or makes landfall on Hainan island,Guangdong province or Guangxi province,transporting large amount of vapor and energy at 700 hPa,especially when typhoon is active to the west of 125 °E and within 13~33 °N.This kind of typhoon plays an important role in the rainstorm in Shanxi Province.300-hPa-high jets are of some indication in forecasting extreme rainstorm weather.The cloud image and typhoon’s activity are also precursory to the forecasting of extreme rainstorm weather when using the rule and characteristics.
【Fund】: 科技部社会公益基金研究项目(2001DIB20095)
【CateGory Index】: P434.4
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