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《Journal of Tropical Meteorology》 2013-06
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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AIR CHEMICAL POLLUTION AND LIGHTNING ACTIVITIES IN PEARL RIVER DELTA REGION

YANG Zhao-li;WAN Qi-lin;WU Dui;LIAO fei;HUANG Hui-jun;MAO Wei-kang;Guangzhou Institute of Tropical and Marine Meteorology/Key Laboratory of Regional Numerical Weather Prediction,CMA;  
The correlation is studied between the lightning activities and chemical elements of precipitation patterns of Suixi in western Guangdong as an example of non-Pearl River Delta contrastive region and those of Dongguan as an example of Pearl River Delta Region, and the influence of pollution sources is analyzed on the lightning activities in Pearl River Delta, with the discovery that there is a distinct negative correlation between the lightning activities and concentration of inhalable particulate matter,or, atmospheric No2 and So2, except O3. It is also found that the lightning precipitation has distinct regional chemical characters: if the chemical components have a local source, its chemical component concentration in lightning precipitation is higher than in non-lightning precipitation. And if the chemical components are not from a local source, the concentration in lightning precipitation is lower than in non-lightning precipitation. Finally, after computation and analysis of the correlation, it is found that there is a distinct correlation between the lightning activities and the concentration of some ions, conductance and pH of the precipitation. Generally, there is a distinct correlation between the lightning activities and concentration of local typical chemical components, e.g. sea-salt ions in the coastal area. In Pearl River Delta, there is a distinct correlation between the lightning activities and concentration of some ions that are released during biological burning and chemical industry, etc.
【Fund】: 2007年气象行业科研专项“珠三角城市群-海岸带复合体致灾雷电动力与物理化学特征及预警技术研究”(GYHY200706014);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划课题(2011CB403403);; 广东省气象局资助项目共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P427.3;X16
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