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《Renmin University of China Education Journal》 2011-04
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Family Factors and Effect Mechanism of Academic Achievement between Urban and Rural Students

ZHAO Bihua  
By means of a longitudinal design,this paper uses data of 4010 9th grade students'score from advanced middle school entrance test in Anhui province,to study the family factors and effect mechanism which caused academ ic achievement gap between urban and rural area.The results shows that the so cio-economic status not only directly affected academic achievements,but also indirectly affected it through family capital variable,such as in-class learning resources,parents'leaning expectations and parents'leaning participation.The rural students were significantly lower than urban ones on the socio-economic status,in-class learning resources,parents'leaning expectation,parents'lean ing participation,which were the important reasons of the differentials between urban and rural students'academic achievements.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社会科学研究2009年度一般项目“影响学生成绩的家庭与学校因素:基于SEM与HLM的分析”(项目编号:09YJA88002);; 全国教育科学“十一五”规划2010年度教育部重点课题“学校效能及其影响因素:模型建构与多层线性分析”(项目编号:DFA100233)的部分成果
【CateGory Index】: G632.0
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