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《China Tropical Medicine》 2002-01
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The epidemiological feature of hunan rabies in recent 50 years in Hunan Province

GUO Shou -heng, Li Jun - hua. Hunan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Changsha 410005, P. R. China.  
ve Analyze the epidemic tendency and feature so as to do a better prevention against rabies and to reduce the incidence rate. Methods Collect data from legal epidemic report and make statistical analysis to relative data of some individual cases. Results ① Epidemic Tendency: During the period of 1951 to 1965,the annual incidence rate was relatively low. From 1966 to 1980,the number increased wave upon wave. From 1981 to 1996,the number declined successively. After 1993,the incidence rate reduced to a comparatively low level of 0.10/100,000. ②Epidemic Area:During the past 50 years,every county (city) or district of the whole province had the report of rabies cases. The least incidence was reported in 2 counties in one year, and during the most prevalent year, rabies cases occurred in 101 counties (cities) or districts.③ Epidemic Seasons: Mostly in July to October,occasionally in January and February.④Epidemic Population:Most victims are peasants or males aged 5 to 10.⑤Factors of incidence:Those severely injured( III degrees of the wound) are most likely to be infected. a-mong which 82.34% didn't receive the inoculation. Conclusion Since 1980' s, the incidence rate of human rabies has been gradually reduced to a comparatively low level in the whole province. Government at each level should continue their effort on organization work, health and animal husbandry departments should have a closer cooperation and work out a series of integrated prevention and control measures so as to further reduce the incidence rate of human rabies in Hunan province. Those not vaccinated and fully vaccinated accounted for 82.34% and 4.84%.
【CateGory Index】: R181.3
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