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《Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops》 2006-01
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Relationship of Drought Resistance of Sweet Potato with Its Plant Type, Growth Vigour and Yield Under Water Stress

Zhang Mingsheng1,2 Xie Bo2 Qi Jinliang1 Tan Feng3 Zhang Qitang3 Yang Yonghua1 1 College of Life Science, Nanjing University Nanjing 210093 2 College of Life Science, Guizhou University Guiyang 5500253 College of Life Science, Southwest China Normal University, Chongqing 400715 China  
The drought resistance of different sweet potato varieties was studied in relation to the plant type, growth vigour and yield under water stress. The results showed that the thickness of leaf tissues (thickness of palisade and spongy tissues, and total leaf thickness), vine, and dry ratio of root tuber all increased as compared to the CK. Size of leaf, leaf area index (LAI), specific leaf area (SLA), length of main vine, diameter of main vine, length of internode, and weight of vine and root tuber all decreased to different extents. The relative values of the thickness of palisade tissue, economic coefficient, LAI, number of branches, dry weight, and dry ratio of root tuber were significantly or highly significantly positively correlated with drought resistance (r=0.556 6~0.935 2; P0.05, 0.01). And the relative values of length of main vine, length of internode and SLA were significantly or highly significantly negatively correlated with drought resistance (r= -0.528 9~-0.721 6; P0.05, 0.01). Sweet potatoes with erect or twining plant types gave higher resistance to drought than those with creeping plant types.
【Fund】: 国家“九五”科技攻关资助项目(96-002-02-17)资助
【CateGory Index】: S531
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