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《Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops》 2008-04
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Anatomic Characteristics and Quality of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Vegetative Organs in Different Niches

Guo Suzhi,Zhang Yusong,Ma Qingkui,Gao Huajuan,Wang Junpeng Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou 350002  
Anatomic characteristics in vegetative organs including root,stem,leaf and leafstalk of Gynostemma pentaphyllum grown in three different niches,sun,half-shade and shade,were observed by microscopy techniques.Microscopy observations show that the structure and quantity characteristics of the vegetative organs vary under different niches,especially the anatomic characteristics of leaf.The leaf thickness and palisade tissue thickness of G.pentaphyllum grown in the sun are the highest of the three,followed by those in half shade and in the shade.The same happens to the ratio of palisade tissue thickness to spongy tissue thickness,main nervures diameter and vascular development of midrib.However,the leaf area is just the opposite.The leaf area is the largest in the shade but the smallest in the sun.Moreover,the yield and quality of G.pentaphyllum grown in the different niches are distinctive.G.pentaphyllum grown in the shade is more productive and better in quality with more ginsenoside than that in the half shade and the sun.The results show that shade is good to G.pentaphyllum,s growth and thus would enhance the output and economic benefit.
【Fund】: 福建省教委项目(JA02097);; 福建青年科技人才创新项目资助(2004J009)
【CateGory Index】: S567.237
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