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《Population & Economics》 2001-05
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The main Features of Population Aging and Policy Considerations in China

ZENG Yi (Population Research Institute, Beijing University, Beijing 100871)  
This paper analyzes and discusses the main features of population aging in China in the first half of the 21\+\{st\} century. (1) High speed: proportion of elderly aged 65+ is projected to increase rapidly from 7% in 2000 to about 23% in 2050; (2) High ages: proportion of the oldest old aged 80+ will increase at an extraordinary speed that is twice as high as that of the elderly aged 65+; (3) Large quantity: at middle of this century, elderly aged 65+ will exceed 330 million, and the oldest old aged 80+ exceed 100 million; (4) Large elderly dependency ratio: the elderly dependency ratio in 2050 will be 3-4 times as large as that today; (5) Large regional differences: because of migration effects, proportion of elderly in rural areas and poor regions will be higher than in the urban areas and rich regions. The author also discusses the related policy considerations such as establishing old age insurance system in rural areas, strengthening the Chinese traditional family support system, and favoring policy for the female elderly who are in disadvantaged status.
【CateGory Index】: C913.6
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