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《Population Journal》 2019-04
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Impact of Adult Children's Migration on Health of Rural Left-behind Parents

CHEN Lu;XIE Wenting;Department of Finance,Nankai University;  
Using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey(CHNS),our research applies the propensity score matching methodology to assess the impacts of adult children's migration on the health of their parents left behind in rural areas. We find that compared with parents living with adult children,the left-behind parents' morbidity in the past four weeks increases by 2.7% and the probability of not being able to accomplish all IADL increases significantly by 6.1% for parents aged 65 and over. This negative impact is also obvious in the mental health of left-behind parents. The study finds that the life satisfaction of left-behind parents is significantly lower than that of non-left-behind parents. We further analyze from the perspective of gender differences and find that paternal parents are more vulnerable to this negative effect.Furthermore,the effects of children's migration are mostly driven by the migration of sons. The research shows that the health status of left-behind parents in rural areas is not positive. Therefore,it is recommended that government should introduce support policies on family care for the elderly and increase funding for community and institutional care in rural areas to compensate for the health effects of lack of care for parents due to children's migration.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目:家庭老年照料的隐性成本(16BRK019)
【CateGory Index】: D669.6;C924.24
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