Abnormal High Sex ratios at Birth and the Family Planning Policy in China
Yuan Xin, Institute of Population and DevelopmentResearch, Nankai University Shi Hailong, China National Population and Family Planning Commission
A combination of several factors explain the rising sex ratio at birth in China over the past two decades. While the culture of son preference and socio-economic development are the root cause, declining fertility reinforces the practice of sex selection through using techniques for sex identification and abortion. China's family planning policy is one of the factors, but not the only factor, contributing to fertility decline. No evidence is available to suggest that there is a casual relationship between the family planning policy and abnormal high sex ratio at birth in China.