Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Anthropologica Sinica》 1986-03
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

BONE ARTIFACTS AND ORNAMENTS FROM XIAOGUSHAN SITE OF HAICHENG, LIAONING PROVINCE

Huang Weiwen (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica) Zhang Zhenhong Fu Renyi (Musuem of Liaoning Province) Chen Baofeng Liu Jingyu (Musuem of Anshan) Zhu Mingye Wu Hongkuan (The Bureau of Culture of Haicheng)  
During the excavation of 1983, a number of bone artifacts and ornaments were dis-covered in company with mammalian fossils, human fossils and stone artifacts from the Paleolithic layers of Xiaogushan site. The brief description is given/below: 1. Harpoon A harpoon with two rows of barbs was probably made of a cannon bone of Artio-dactyla. It has a oblate-tapering point and a wedge-shaped base. The shaft is pentagon in cross section. The surface of the shaft shows numerous fine longitudinal striae which suggest it had been scraped into shape. Such a bone harpoon was not known to have occurred in China before Neolithic time. It is precisely of the same character as some of the harpoons from the late Mag-dalenian of Europe. 2. Javelin point A broken javelin point was made of the limb bone of an animal. Its surface is smooth and the cross section is oblatetapering. So far, similar specimen has never been recorded from Paleolithic China. 3. Bone needles Three bone needles described here are fine ones. Two of them were probably made of ivory and the third one was made of an animal bone. The surfaces are smooth. The shafts are curved and somewhat elliptical in section. The tips well rounded and sharp-ly pointed. The eyes on two specimens are nearly circular and made by drilling on two faces. The eye on the third one is not completely made. In China, such bone needle was only known from Upper Cave of Zhoukoudian. a Late Paleolithic site. The specimen of it is broken just at the eye. Judging from the remains, the eye was not made by drilling but by excavating or scratching with a poin-ted implement. 4. Perforated teeth Four perforated teeth described in this paper were made of canines of small Carni-vora or deer, one of them is only a piece of root. All of the holes are located at the root of the teeth and made by three different ways: drilling, scratching and scratching-drilling. The root was flated by grinding before making the hole. Compared with similar specimens of Upper Cave where 125 perforated teeth were found, the perforated teeth from Xiaogushan show a more advanced technique in making the hole. Not a single hole of specimen from Upper Cave might be attributed to dril-ling. 5. Perforated shell A broken perforated shell was found from the site. Its outline looks like a coin if preserved well. A hole in the centre was produced by drilling on two faces. There is a circle of radial cutting-fissures in its periphery. The red color is still visible from the fissures. Among the bone artifacts and ornaments mentioned above, most of them came from Layer 3 of the site, and the remaining came from Layer 2 under Layer 3. The age of the two layers can be attributed to Late Pleistocene based on mammalian fauna. Their absolute dating is from about 40.000 to 20,000 y. BP by radiocarbon and thermolumine-scence methods.
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHI Xi jun (Department of Politics and History,Anshan Normal University,Anshan Liaoning 114005,China);Hongshan Culture Proved that Northeast was the Birthplace of the Jade Culture ——Xiuyan Jade's Contribution to the Jade Culture[J];Journal of Anshan Teachers College;2002-04
2 FU Ren yi (Liaoning Provincial Cultural Relic and Archaeology Research Institute,Shenyang Liaoning 110003,China);The Discovery of the Wares of Jade from Xiuyan Is a Big Breakthrough in the Study of Chinese Jade Culture[J];Journal of Anshan Normal University;2003-01
3 Zheng Jia-jian,Xiu Qin-qi and Jin Chang-zhu;Division of the late Pleistocene mammalian fauna in North China and its geographic distribution[J];Journal of Stratigraphy;1992-03
4 WANG Ning;Analysis on Sang Dynasty Fish Darts Found in Dayuangzhou,Xingan[J];Southeast Culture;2006-01
5 Wu Xianzhu ①② Li Yujie ①② Pei Shuwen ③ Wu Xiujie ③④ (①History and Museology College,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047;②Science Archaeology Laboratory,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047;③Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044; ④Laboratory of Human Evolution and Environmental Dynamics Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044);SURFACE MARKS ON FOSSIL BONESAT IN BAILONG CAVE SITE,YUNXI,HUBEI[J];Quaternary Sciences;2008-06
6 Wu Xiujie ①② Fu Renyi ③ Huang Weiwen ①(①Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044;②Laboratory of Human Evolution and Environmental Dynamics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044;②Liaoning Provincial Museum,Shenyang 110031);THE NEOLITHIC HUMAN SKULL FROM XIAOGUSHAN,HAICHENG,LIAONING[J];Quaternary Sciences;2008-06
7 Lu Zun'e;ON THE REPRODUCTION AND USE OF THE HARPOON-HEAD FROM THE XIANRENDONG CAVE AT XIAOGUSHAN,HAICHENG[J];Acta Archaeologica Sinica;1995-01
8 Du Shuisheng;PERIODIZATION,REGIONALIZATION AND OTHER PROBLEMS OF THE LATE PALEOLITHIC CULTURE IN NORTH CHINA[J];Acta Archaeologica Sinica;2007-02
9 An Jiayuan (The National Museum of Chinese History, Beijing 100006);A HARPOON UNEARTHED IN XIAOGUSHAN SITE——ALSO ON THE RELATIONS WITH THE DETACHABLE HEAD HARPOON OF NEOLITHIC[J];Acta Anthropologica Sinica;1991-01
10 ANJian yuan (TheNationalMuseumofChineseHistory ,Beijing 10 0 0 0 6 );ON BONE-ANTLER-HORN TOOLS FROM THE CENTRAL NORTH CHINA[J];Acta Anthropologica Sinica;2001-04
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 FENG Xingwu (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Chines Academy of Sciences,Beij ing 100044);HISTORY AND STATUS QUO OF THE RESEARCH ON PALEOLITHIC BONE ARTIFACTS AND HORNWORK IN CHINA[A];[C];2004
2 LI Chaorong (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044);STATUS OF THE WANGFUJING CULTURE IN CHINESE PALEOLITHIC CULTURE[A];[C];2004
3 LI Yujie~1 DENG Xiao~1 WU Xianzhu~(1,2) WANG Yunfu~(1,2) ZHENG Liping~(1,2) 1 Institute of History and Archaeology,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047; 2 Laboratory of Archaeometry,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047;PRELIMINARY STUDY OF USE-WEAR ANALYSIS IN ARCHEOLOGY[A];[C];2008
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Zhang Zhenhong Fu Renyi (Musuem of Uaoning Province) Chen Baofeng Liu Jingyu (Musuem of Anshan) Zhu Mingye Wu Hongkuan (The Bureau of Culture of Haicheng County) Huang Weiwen (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica) This paper was written by Huang Weiwen and Zhang Zhenhong.;A PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE EXCAVATION OF PALEOLITHIC SITE AT XIAOGUSHAN OF HAICHENG, LIAONING PROVINCE[J];Acta Anthropologica Sinica;1985-01
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 FU Ren yi (Liaoning Provincial Cultural Relic and Archaeology Research Institute,Shenyang Liaoning 110003,China);The Discovery of the Wares of Jade from Xiuyan Is a Big Breakthrough in the Study of Chinese Jade Culture[J];Journal of Anshan Normal University;2003-01
2 L Jun (Research Center For Chinese Frontier Archaeology Of Jilin University,Changchun Jilin 130000,China);A Discussion to the Xiuyan Jade's Position and Function in the Origin of Chinese Jade's Culture from Archaeology[J];Journal of Anshan Normal University;2003-05
3 FU Lei(Chaoyang Normal College,Chaoyang,Liaoning,122000,China);Discussion on the Age and Characteristics of the Mammal Crowd Lived at the Quaternary period in the Peninsula Eastern Liaoning[J];Journal of Liaoning Institute of Science and Technology;2006-02
4 WANG Ning;Analysis on Sang Dynasty Fish Darts Found in Dayuangzhou,Xingan[J];Southeast Culture;2006-01
5 Chen Shengqian(Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044);ENVIRONMENT ADAPTATION AND DIFFUSION OF NORTH CHINA HUMANS IN LATE PLEISTOCENE[J];Quaternary Sciences;2006-04
6 Wu Xiujie ①② Fu Renyi ③ Huang Weiwen ①(①Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044;②Laboratory of Human Evolution and Environmental Dynamics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044;②Liaoning Provincial Museum,Shenyang 110031);THE NEOLITHIC HUMAN SKULL FROM XIAOGUSHAN,HAICHENG,LIAONING[J];Quaternary Sciences;2008-06
7 Ji Hongxiang Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica;ON THE MANDIBLE THICKNESS OF MEGACEROS IN CHINA[J];Certebrata Palasiatica;1988-04
8 ZHENG Shaohua; ZHANG Zhaoqun; DONG Mingxing(Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chihese Academy of Sciences Bejing 100044)CHANG Chuanxi(Dongyang Middle School of Pingyi Pingyi, Shangdong 273308);QUATERNARY MAMMALS FROM THE FISSLJRE FILLING OF PINGYI COUNTY, SHANDONG AND ITS ECOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE[J];VERTEBRATA PALASIATICA;1998-01
9 DONG Wei~1 LI Zhan-Yang~2 (1 Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100044) (2 Cultural Relics and Archaeology Research Institute of Henan Province Zhengzhou 450000);LATE PLEISTOCENE ARTIODACTYLA (MAMMALIA) FROM THE LINGJING SITE,XUCHANG,HENAN PROVINCE (CHINA)[J];Vertebrata Palasiatica;2008-01
10 Ye Qi-Xiao;Research On Paleolithic Culture sites Of Heilongjiang Province[J];Research of China's Frontier Archaeology;2003-00
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 LI Chaorong (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044);STATUS OF THE WANGFUJING CULTURE IN CHINESE PALEOLITHIC CULTURE[A];[C];2004
2 FU Renyi~(1,2) 1 Liaoning Provincial Institute of Archaeology,Shenyang 110003,Liaoning; 2 Institute of Paleontology,Shenyang Normal University,Shenyang 110003,Liaoning;PRELIMINARY REPORT ON 2007'S EXCAVATION AT THE MASHANDONG CAVE IN CHAOYANG,LIAONING PROVINCE,CHINA[A];[C];2008
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHI Xi jun (Department of Politics and History,Anshan Normal University,Anshan Liaoning 114005,China);Hongshan Culture Proved that Northeast was the Birthplace of the Jade Culture ——Xiuyan Jade's Contribution to the Jade Culture[J];Journal of Anshan Teachers College;2002-04
2 LIU Jun yong (Dalian Historical Relic and Archaeological Research Institute,Dalian Liaoning 116000,China);Tentative Research on Jade Wares from Xiuyan in Prehistory[J];Journal of Anshan Normal University;2003-01
3 FU Ren yi (Liaoning Provincial Cultural Relic and Archaeology Research Institute,Shenyang Liaoning 110003,China);The Discovery of the Wares of Jade from Xiuyan Is a Big Breakthrough in the Study of Chinese Jade Culture[J];Journal of Anshan Normal University;2003-01
4 Lu Jun and Luan Zhaopeng;a Summary of Study on Hongshan Jade[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2000-03
5 Zhou Xiaojing;A Preliminary Study of the Neolithic Jade in the Area of Ji-Hei[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2000-04
6 Liu GuoXiang;A Preliminary Study on the prehistoric jades of JiLin[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2001-04
7 XUE Zhi-qiang (Institute of Korean Studies, Dalian University, Dalian 116622,China;Discussion on the Position and Function of the Xinglongwa Culture in the Origin of the Chinese Culture[J];Journal of Dalian University;2008-05
8 Wu Xianzhu ①② Li Yujie ①② Pei Shuwen ③ Wu Xiujie ③④ (①History and Museology College,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047;②Science Archaeology Laboratory,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047;③Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044; ④Laboratory of Human Evolution and Environmental Dynamics Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044);SURFACE MARKS ON FOSSIL BONESAT IN BAILONG CAVE SITE,YUNXI,HUBEI[J];Quaternary Sciences;2008-06
9 JIN Changzhu; XU Qinqi; ZHENG Jiajian(Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100044);ON THE DISPERSAL EVENTS OF MAMMUTHUS DURING THE LATE LATE PLEISTOCENE[J];VERTEBRATA PALASIATICA;1998-01
10 HOU Guangliang1,XU Changjun2,FAN Qishun3(1.School of Life and Geographic Science,Qinghai Normal University,Xining 810008,China;2.Basic Geography Information Center of Qinghai Province,Xining 810001,China;3.Qinghai Institute of Salt Lakes,CAS,Xining 810008,China);Three Expansions of Prehistoric Humans towards Northeast Margin of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and Environmental Change[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2010-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 TANG Dian~1 CHEN Zai-liang~2 (1.Institute for Materials Research of Fuzhou University,Fuzhou 350002;2.Beijing Research Institute of Mechanical and Electrical of Technology,Beijing 100083);Heat treatments in ancient China—On heat treatments in Paleolithic age[A];[C];2007
2 FENG Xingwu (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Chines Academy of Sciences,Beij ing 100044);HISTORY AND STATUS QUO OF THE RESEARCH ON PALEOLITHIC BONE ARTIFACTS AND HORNWORK IN CHINA[A];[C];2004
3 LI Chaorong (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044);STATUS OF THE WANGFUJING CULTURE IN CHINESE PALEOLITHIC CULTURE[A];[C];2004
4 LI Yujie~1 DENG Xiao~1 WU Xianzhu~(1,2) WANG Yunfu~(1,2) ZHENG Liping~(1,2) 1 Institute of History and Archaeology,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047; 2 Laboratory of Archaeometry,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047;PRELIMINARY STUDY OF USE-WEAR ANALYSIS IN ARCHEOLOGY[A];[C];2008
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved