ON THE TYPOLOGY OF HEAVY-DUTY TOOLS OF THE LOWER PALEOLITHIC FROM EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIA——COMMENT ON THE MOVIUS' SYSTEM
Huang Weiwen (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology. Academia Sinica, Beijng 100044.)
Although H. Movius had established his system in 1940s, the typology in Paleolithic assemblages of East and Southeast Asia remains to be solved. Movius' system based on the stone assemblages from Burma (Anyathian) and Java (Patjitanian) consists of three new categories, chopping-tools, hand-adzes and proto-hand-axes, and two re-defined categories, choppers and scrapers. Unfortunately, this system is not a good typology to a certain extent because its categories are hot "mutually exclusive", "not overlap" and "exhaust the variability in the artifact collection" as pointed by L.G. Freeman in 1977. Many facts have shown that Movius' system isn't very helpful to the development of the Paleolithic Archaeology in East and Southeast Asia. In vies of the materials from China, Burma, Java etc., the author of the present paper suggests that the following categories commonly used in Europe and Africa are also suitable to East and Southeast Asia. They are chopper, handaxe, cleaver, pick, spheroid and scraper.
【Fund】： 中国科学院特别支持费资助 (课题号920402)