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《Acta Anthropologica Sinica》 2008-01
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A Brief Review of Lithic Technological Study in France

LI Ying-hua 1,2,3 , HOU Ya-mei1, Erika BODIN 1,3 (1.Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Beijing 100044;2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039;3. lUniversité de Paris X-Nanterre, Maison Archéologie et Ethnologie, France 92023)  
As a branch of prehistory and anthropology research, lithic technological study has been initiated in France since 1940s. Based on the concept "chane opératoire" some improved theoretical system and methods have been well established so far. According to many representative French researchers work in this field, the authors divide the history of technological study in France into three phases of foundation, development and achievement in a brief review of sixty years. Among them the concept "chane opératoire" proposed by André LEROI-GOURHAN became the cornerstone of lithic technology study, then the two concepts "débitage" and "faonnage" have been defined and differentiated by Jacques TIXIER etc. in the second phase. They both further perfected the connotation of "chane opératoire". Then the concept "operational scheme" presented and applied by Eric BO DA in the last phase is an important symbol as a new method of study for discussing technological logic and rules of lithic production and for the study of lithic techno-function. Finally combining with the history and actual situation of Chinese Paleolithic research, the authors make a short discussion here about the possibility of how to apply the current French technological theory and methods to the Chinese materials.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2006CB806400);; 国家基础科学人才培养基金(J0630965);; 中国科学院知识创新工程青年人才领域前沿项目;; 国家自然科学基金项目(40172009);; 中国科学院院长专项基金
【CateGory Index】: K885
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