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《Human Geography》 2002-05
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THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE TOURIST IMPACT ON ANCIENT VILLAGES IN SOUTHERN ANHUI --A Case Study of Xidi?Hongcun and Nanping

LI fan 1, JIN Zhong min 2 (1. Tourism and Geography Department, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China; 2. Tourism Bureau of Yixian county, Anhui Province, Yixian 245500, China)  
The ancient villages in Southern Anhui of Yixian county have become world cultural legacy in 2000. During the previous several years, tourism industry of the ancient villages in Southern Anhui is developing gradually, but tourism development of the ancient villages possesses speciality. There for inquiring the impact on the ancient villages is very necessary in the course of tourism development of the ancient villages. By the case of Xidi, Hongcun and Nanping, This paper gets the tourist synthetical impact index of 3 ancient villages on the foundation gone on investigating villages continuously two years from 1999 to 2000. The tourist synthetical impact index includes the economic impact index, sociculture impact index and environmental impact index. This paper analyzes economic, sociocultural and environmental impact on tourist by comparing the tourism development of 3 ancient villages. The essay has finally pointed out that the tourist impact effect of the ancient villages in southern Anhui now has appeared, Also in other words the tourist impact effect on Xidi is more than that on Hongcun and Nanping. In view of the above, the author puts forward at present the similar model that exists in the course of tourism development of Chinese ancient villages: (1)the tourist impact effect possesses stage in the course of tourism development of the ancient villages; (2)the protection, planning and development of the ancient villages are the life axis of sustainable development. (3)Community villagers and local government are the most important factor influencing sustainable development. Tourism development of the ancient villages, which has established the better mechanism moving mutually between community villager and local government, will center on the life axis of development in reality, in order to ensure sustainable development of the ancient villages.
【CateGory Index】: K928.5
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