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《Human Geography》 2004-06
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THE DISTRIBUTION PATTERN AND ITS CAUSE OF RETAILING BUSINESS ALONG THE SUBWAY IN GUANGZHOU

FANG Xiang-yang, CHEN Zhong-nuan(Department of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China )  
Tthis study investigated and analyzed the spatial distribution characteristics of retail business along the subway in terms of Line 1, Line 2, every metro station and the whole subway net. Obviously, the space distribution character of Line 1 is different from Line 2 mainly because the economic development level along Line 1 is higher than Line 2. Along Line 1, from west to east, there located five high-level commercial centers, i.e. Shangxiajiu Road, Beijing road, China Plaza, Nonglinxia Road and Tianhe big market center. Along Line 2, from south to north, there are two high-level commercial centers, i.e. Beijing road and the west of the South Pearl River. The nearer from the metro station, the commercial network is more concentrated, and the market scope is bigger, and the business circle influence's scope is wider; Farer away from the metro station, the commercial network is fewer and scattered more frequently, and the market scope is smaller. As for same subway circuit, the commercial network along the line's both ends is fewer than the center and scattered.In terms of the whole subway net, the retail business network is clustered in one group by anther and with the development of large retailers, warehouses, convenience shops and special retailers, retailing type of operation along the subway includes diversified types and department stores plays a leading role in type structure. Because the metro station hall space resources are limited, franchising is very popular in every metro station. At present, medicine shops, books, newspaper and magazines stall, automatic vending machine and convenient shops etc. can be seen in every metro station.Based on these accomplishments, this research also made an inquiry into the space grade of agglomeration of retailing type of operation and location of each grade along the subway line. Through the analysis of the inner factors such as retailing type of operation characteristic itself, the place requirement of industry form and action habit of consumer, etc. and outer cause, i.e. history foundation, population condition and traffic condition, etc. of its formation, at the same time, we regarded the subway as one kind of special factors, demonstrated the effect of subway on the retailing space differentiation, formation of commerce hot spot andthe huge flow of passengers.The subway has strengthened dividing retail location, and promoted the formation of new space pattern of Guangzhou commerce, strengthened the accessibility of traffic, and helped to bring about the jumbo trade chance along the line, and helped to bring about new commerce hot spot. The subway chiefly depends on his jumbo stream of population's effect to influence the flow of passengers of retail business.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(49961004);; 国家杰出青年基金项目(40125003)资助。
【CateGory Index】: F727
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