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《Human Geography》 2013-05
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A NEW DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY RESEARCH IN CHINA:GEO-SETTING

HU Zhi-ding;CAO Yuan;LIU Yu-li;GE Yue-jing;School of Geography, Beijing Normal University;School of Tourism and Geography Science, Yunnan Normal University;  
In China, the study of political geography has a long history. However, compared with the development of economic geography, urban geography, tourism geography and other branches of geography, political geography has not been well developed. Political geography of this situation in China does not meet the important international status and the diplomatic mission of "maintenance of rights, maintenance of stability,cooperation and development", special in the rise of China in the 21st century. This paper will define the concepts associated with geo-setting based on the review of the history of political geography, early geo-environment points and the two discussions at geo-setting conferences recently. Also, this study will pay attention to the concepts, component, classification, scale of geo-setting and research content of geo-setting. Geosetting is completely different with geographical environment, the geographical environment is an integral part of the geo-setting. In addition, geo-setting also includes geo-relationship, and the structure constituted by the geo-relationship. Geo-relationship is constituted of geopolitical military relations, geo-economic relations and geo-social relations. Currently, geo-setting study should focus on four areas:(1) the comparison of different scale geo- setting spatial differentiation, which is one of the important content of geo- setting;(2)evaluation of the simple and comprehensive geo- setting security in different scales, geo- setting has four scales and different security has different factors.(3) geo-setting theory summary and promotion, geo-setting research expands its research content, equates other security with military security, it will lead to a new theory of geopolitics;(4) geo-setting and international political interaction. We hope it can play a valuable feedback results, and can promote the development of political geography in China.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAK12B03);; 国家自然科学基金(41171097;41071100);; 北京师范大学跨学科沙龙(105520GK)
【CateGory Index】: K901.4
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