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《Chinese Social Security Review》 2019-02
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Supply-demand Dynamics and Imbalance in the Provision of Community Elderly Services: Based on CLHLS 2005-2014 Data

Zhang Xinhui;Li Jianxin;Department of Sociology, Peking University;  
Based on Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey(CLHLS) data, this paper aims to study the supply-demand dynamics and imbalance in the provision of community elderly services from 2005 to 2014. In the past decade, both demand and supply of community elderly services have increased significantly, with demand-supply gap widening at first and then narrowing. However, the structural imbalance of community elderly services has been further intensified: the overall supply-demand gap remains very huge, the demand-supply gap of daily care services has been aggravated, and for the elderly in rural and central western areas, whereas previously they experienced the "double disadvantages of demand expression and service supply" compared to their urban and eastern counterparts, their demand expression disadvantage has now disappeared, but the service supply disadvantage has become more serious. The results of Bivariate Probit model further show that in many areas, compared with their counterparts, the elderly in rural areas and the central and western regions have stronger demand for community services, and their needs are less likely to be satisfied. The supply-side reform of community elderly services should improve the balance between supply and demand by introducing diversified suppliers to expand supply, strengthen forward-looking top-level design by building a flexible and demand-oriented supply system, and move faster to ensure equitable access to public services by reducing the urban-rural gaps and regional gaps.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目“实现人口经济社会健康老龄化的对策研究”(16JJD840004)
【CateGory Index】: F719;D669.6
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