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《Journal of Fisheries of China》 2002-04
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Determining the vitamin C requirement of allogynogenetic silver crucian carp with growth and non-specific immunity

SONG Xue-hong, CAI Chun-fang, PAN Xing-fa, ZHAO Lin-chuan ( College of Life Sciences , Suzhou University , Suzhou 215006, China)  
Allogynogenetic silver crucian carp ( Carassius auratus gibelio(?)× Cyprinus carpio (?) ) were fed with purified diets containing 0 to 1200 mg·kg-1 of vitamin C (Vc) in the form of ascorbate polyphosphate for 8 weeks. The aim of this experiment was to determine the Vc requirement of allogynogenetic silver crucian carp with growth and non-specific immunity. The results showed that the highest growth rate was reached at dietary Vc level of 150 mg·kg-1, while increasing dietary Vc level from 150mg·kg-1 to 1200 mg·kg-1 gave no significant change in growth rate; The dietary Vc level of 75 mg·kg-1 markedly enhanced head kidney index, however, no difference was seen in spleen index when the dietary Vc level increased; phagocytic rate and A rosette of head kidney cell increased significantly when dietary Vc level was at 300mg·kg-1, but even more Vc amount led to no improvement in immune function of head kidney cells; The total activities of sera complement and lysozyme reached the highest values at the dietary Vc level of 600 mg·kg-1 and 300 mg·kg-1, respectively. These data indicated that increasing dietary Vc level resulted in significant increase of non-specific immunity . For the immunomodulatory effect of Vc, it is suggested that Vc content up to 300 mg·kg-1 be added to the diet of allogynogenetic silver crucian carp in the disease-prevalent seasons.
【Fund】: 苏州大学青年教师基金(Q3114810);; 苏州市农业科技发展基金(SNZ-0117)
【CateGory Index】: S917
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