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《Journal of Fisheries of China》 2016-12
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Effects of social hierarchy on the growth,survival and related enzyme activities of Sepia pharaonis

RUAN Peng;JIANG Xiamin;HAN Qingxi;WANG Shuangjian;WANG Pengshuai;JIANG Maowang;School of Marine Sciences,Ningbo University;  
To explore whether big individuals can affect small individuals' growth for cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis under the stress of social hierarchy,this study was conducted indoors in small cages(Φ=60 cm,h=20 cm),and the survival rate,specific growth rate,oxygen consumption rate,ammonia excretion rate and metabolic enzyme(ATP enzyme,pyruvate kinase and hexokinase) changes were measured after 40 days of cultivation,to analyze the effects of different body sizes(large size L: body weight of 4 to 5 g,middle size M: body weight of 2.5 to 3.5 g,small size S: body weight of 1 to 2 g,with separate cultivation and mixed cultivation(LMS ratio 1∶1∶1),using single factor design. The results showed that: the L S. pharaonis' special growth rate was not significantly different between separate cultivation and mixed cultivation,but the growth rates of groups M and S S. pharaonis' were significantly lower with separate cultivation,specific growth rates for each group were LMS-M(3.12±0.35) %/d,M(5.21±0.24) %/d,LMS-S(1.39±0.28) %/d and S(4.37±0.42) %/d; after 10 days of cultivation,the survival rates of S. pharaonis were not significantly different between separate cultivation or mixed cultivation,but after 20 days of cultivation,the survival rate of mixing cultivation was significantly lower than that of separate cultivation; after40 days,the survival rate for each group were LMS(41%±5.35%),M(60%±4.58%),L(61%±6.43%) and S(63%±5.57%). The oxygen consumption rate showed no significant difference for separate cultivation and mixed cultivation,but groups M and S with mixing cultivation oxygen consumption rate was lower than the single standard breeding groups M and S S. pharaonis' oxygen consumption rate,oxygen consumption rate in each group were LMS-M[(0.48±0.03) mg/(g·h)],M[(0.69±0.02) mg/(g·h)],LMS-S[(0.75±0.04) mg/(g·h)],S[(0.94±0.04)mg/(g·h)]; L S. pharaonis' ammonia excretion rate showed no significant difference under seperate cultivation and mixed cultivation,but the ammonia excretion rates of mixed cultivation of groups M and S were lower than the single standard breeding groups M and S S. pharaonis' oxygen consumption rates,ammonia excretion rates in each group were LMS-M[(0.057±0.004) mg/(g·h)],M[(0.082±0.007) mg/(g·h)],LMS-S [(0.085±0.007) mg/(g·h)],S[(0.135±0.007) mg/(g·h)]; L S. pharaonis' ATP enzyme,pyruvate enzyme and hexokinase activities showed no significant difference between separate cultivation and mixed cultivation,but mixing cultivation of groups M and S,S. pharaonis' ATP enzyme,pyruvate kinase and hexokinase activity were lower than the single standard breeding group M and S S. pharaonis' oxygen consumption rate,ATP enzyme activity in each group were LMSM[(1.25±0.16)U/mg prot],M[(2.74±0.26) U/mg prot],LMS-S[(0.77±0.11) U/mg prot],S[(1.94±0.09) U/mg prot];pyruvate kinase activity in each group were HET-M[(51.14±6.24) U/mg prot],M[(78.05±8.38) U/mg prot],LMSS[(27.94±6.65) U/mg prot],S[(55.92±2.81) U/mg prot]; hexokinase activity in each group were LMSM[(10.71±1.24) U/mg prot],M[(23.59±1.67) U/mg prot],LMS-S[(5.91±0.83) U/mg prot],S[(13.82±1.66) U/mg prot]. Thus,L S. pharaonis have a significant impact on the normal growth rates of M and S S. pharaonis under mixed cultivation,which is bad for cuttlefish farming.
【Fund】: 宁波市农业重大专项(2014C11001);; 浙江省海洋与渔业项目(浙海渔计2013[82]号)~~
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 PENG Ruibing;LE Kexin;JIANG Xiamin;FENG Xun;WANG Yuan;HAN Qingxi;College of Ocean,Ningbo University;;Analysis of nutritive composition of yolk of fertilized egg of Sepia pharaonis[J];水产学报;2015-07
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6 CHEN Dao-Hai 1,WANG Yan 1,LIANG Han-Qing 1,SUN Guo-Xiang 2,WEN Jing 1,ZHENG Xiao-Dong 2(1.Zhanjiang Normal University,Life Science and Technology School,Zhanjiang,524048;2.Ocean University of China,Fisheries College,Qingdao,266003);STUDIES ON THE EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT AND THE HATCHING PERIODS OF SEPIA PHARAONIS[J];海洋与湖沼;2012-02
7 HUANG Jian-sheng1、2,CHEN Gang1,ZHANG Jian-dong1,FENG Lian-hua1(1.Fishery College,Guangdong Ocean University,Zhanjiang 524025,China;2.College of Life Science,South China Normal University,Guangzhou 510631,China);Effects of Salinity on Fertilized Egg Hatch and Survival Activity Index of the Larvae of Sepia pharaonis[J];广东海洋大学学报;2012-01
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【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
1 RUAN Peng;JIANG Xiamin;HAN Qingxi;WANG Shuangjian;WANG Pengshuai;JIANG Maowang;School of Marine Sciences,Ningbo University;;Effects of social hierarchy on the growth,survival and related enzyme activities of Sepia pharaonis[J];水产学报;2016-12
2 WU Fu-hua;HUANG Jian-sheng;CHEN Gui-xin;ZHENG Lei-ming;XUN Hua-dang;Fisheries College, Guangdong Ocean University;;Combined Effects of Temperature and pH on Hatchability of Fertilized Egg of Sepia pharaonis by Using Response Surface Method[J];广东海洋大学学报;2016-06
3 JIANG Mao-wang;JIANG Xia-min;GAO Xiao-lan;WANG Peng-shuai;RUAN Peng;HAN Qing-xi;School of Marine Sciences,Ningbo University;;Analysis and comparison of biochemical composition in squid ink between wild and cultured Sepia pharaonis[J];生物学杂志;2016-04
4 LIU Chang-lin;RUAN Fei-teng;QIN Bo;CHEN Si-qing;ZHAO Fa-zhen;LIU Chun-sheng;Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fisheries Sciences;;Analysis and evaluation of nutritive composition of the muscle of wild adult Sepia esculenta[J];海洋科学;2016-08
5 JIANG Maowang;JIANG Xiamin;LIANG Jingjing;WANG Pengshuai;RUAN Peng;HAN Qingxi;School of Marine Sciences,Ningbo University;;Comparative Analysis: Nutritional Component Contents in Cuttlebone of Sepia pharaonis at Different Growth Stages[J];动物营养学报;2016-07
6 JIANG Mao-wang;GAO Xiao-lan;HAN Qing-xi;PENG Rui-bing;JIANG Xia-min;School of Marine Sciences,Ningbo University;;Study on condition optimizing of extraction technique of squid ink polysaccharide from Sepia pharaonis by response surface methodology[J];食品工业科技;2016-18
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8 SHAO Shu- shuang;FAN Xin-ru;JIANG Peng-fei;FU Zhi-lei;PAN Jin- feng;ZHOU Da-yong;DONG Xiu-ping;School of Food Science and Technology,Dalian Polytechnic University;National Engineering Research Center of Seafood;;Analysis and evaluation of nutritional composition of Acipenser gueldenstaedti Gonad[J];食品工业科技;2016-13
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【Secondary Citations】
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9 HUANG Xuxiong1*,FENG Longfeng1,WEN Wen1,CHEN Qingkai2,WEI Likun1(1.College of Fisheries and Life Science,Shanghai Ocean University,Shanghai 201306,China; 2.Fisheries Technology Extension Station of Ningde Municipality,Ningde 352000,China);The changes in lipid and fatty acid profiles of devil stinger Inimicus japonicas during the development of embryo and yolk-sac larvae[J];水产学报;2013-04
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