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《Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology》 2005-06
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The Damage Done to Grassland by Small Mammals in SichuanProvince and its Control Strategy

LIU Shao-ying(Sichuan Academy of Forestry,Chengdu 610081,China)  
There are over 16,000,000 hectares of grassland in western Sichuan,in which,120,000,000 hectare grassland is suitable for browsing.It is one of the five largest grasslands in China.But the grassland of Sichuan has been seriously damaged by small mammals.The damaged area in Sichuan is over(2,500,000) hectare.About 1,700,000 ton grass is lost every year.The direct Economic loss is over a hundred million every year.Small mammals which damage grassland are mainly Ochotona curzoniae,O.thibetana,Myospalax baileyi,Marmota himalayana,Eothenomys miletus and Eothenomys eleusis.The reasons for leading to damage include:over browsing,man-made drainage of wetland,climate calefying,water level descending.Strategies prohibiting grassland damage are suggested as follows:reasonable livestock hold,prohibiting over-browsing,strengthening education of people,increasing livestock merchandise ratio,cultivating livestock processing industries,controlling small mammal populations in serious damaged area,and restoring grassland vegetation.
【CateGory Index】: S812.6
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