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《Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University》 2007-04
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Morphological Development and Growth of Laboratory-reared Larval Schizothorax davidi(Sauvage)

YAN Tai-ming,ZHOU Cui-ping,LI Zhong-li,WANG Kai-yu(College of Animal Science and Technology,Sichuan Agricultural University,Yaan 625014,Sichuan,China)  
This study describes the morphological development and growth of laboratory-raised Schizothorax davidi(Sauvage) larvae at the experimental temperature of(15.0±0.2) ℃.Newly hatched larvae were(10.81±0.37) mm in total length(TL) with 52~58 myomeres.They were transparent but showed brownish eye pigment.The rudiments of the pectoral fins protruded from the body trunk behind the base of the cuvierian ducts and two pairs gill arches were easily observed.The anterior region of the oral cavity was formed.Within 3 days after being hatched,larvae had small melanophores scattering over their heads.By the 6th day larvae possessed intensive melanophores on the ventral part of the gut,and the ventral and dorsal sides of the caudal area.By day 13 larvae began to eat.Within 17 days after being hatched,the larvae had attained(15.86±0.43) mm TL and had completely consumed their yolk.One-chamber air bladder and two-chambers ones occurred at 11 and 24 days after being hatched,respectively.Notochord flexion began at(15.79±0.37) mm TL.Formation of dorsal,anal and ventral fins of larvae appeared around day 28,37 and 70.The optimal regression equation between volumes of yolk sac VY(mm3) and days after hatching D(d) was described as:VY=-0.0061D3+0.1935D2-2.3856D+14.489(R2=0.9825).Highly significant power function correlated appear between days after hatching and body height,eye diameter,head length,while postanal length,however,positively binomial relationships between days after hatching and total length.
【Fund】: 四川农业大学青年科技创新基金(2005A012);; 四川省教育厅青年基金(07ZB052)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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