Reasons and Restrictive Factors for "Comprehensive Two-child" Policy Implementation
KANG Chuankun;CHAI Guojun;LI Fen;Economic Research Center,Shandong University of Finance and Economics;School of Business,Hebei University of Economics and Business;Graduate School,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences;
The fertility desires of reproductive women have been greatly reduced because of the deeply-rooted concept of " fewer births and better births",increased cost of child rearing,and the improved educational level of reproductive women. Meanwhile,the positive externalities of reproductive behavior have not been well compensated since the incentive and compensation measures for two-child fertility are imperfect,which further reduces reproductive women's fertility desire. The actual fertility level will be even lower if the uncertainty of fertility behavior is taken into consideration. Therefore,this paper states that in order to build a good birth environment and achieve the expected effects of " two-child" policy,the government must start with revising and adjusting the laws and regulations which are not suitable for the two-child birth,establishing and perfecting the incentive and compensation measures for two-child births,and adjusting policy publicity direction. And the author,through constructing the logical framework behind the " comprehensive two-child" policy by introducing the new perspectives of externality and uncertainty,tries to give a new idea of population governance for related departments.
【CateGory Index】： C924.21