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《Journal of Shandong University(Engineering Science)》 2009-04
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Application of the land sonar method in tunnel defective geological advanced prediction

QIU Dao-hong,ZHONG Shi-hang,LI Shu-cai,ZHANG Le-wen,SU Mao-xin,SUN Huai-feng(Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Research Center,Shandong University,Jinan 250061,China)  
Unexpected geological disasters such as faults,karst caves,water and slurry gushes often happen during tunnel construction,which can bring momentous disaster and un-estimated economic loss to construction.The precise and immediate forecast in advance about geological conditions in front of the tunnel face has an important practical value in engineering.As a variation of the seismic reflection method,the land sonar method is a kind of advanced geology prediction method ahead of the tunnel face.Compared with ordinary detection methods,this method has many merits such as high resolution ratio,avoiding lots of disturbed waves,continuous collection for single trace,high energy of reflection waves and minimum offset distance.Based on the detailed investigation of engineering geological conditions along a tunnel,the land sonar method was applied to detect faults and karst caves in front of the tunnel face.The results show that the land sonar method has a high accuracy to find faults and karst caves,which can also be an assistant method to the water detection.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(50539080);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973计划)资助项目(2009CB724607);; 山东省自然科学基金面上资助项目(Y2007F53)
【CateGory Index】: U452.11
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