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《水稻科学(英文版)》 2011-04
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Mapping and Comparative Analysis of QTL for Rice Plant Height Based on Different Sample Sizes within a Single Line in RIL Population

LIANG Yong-shu,GAO Zhi-qiang,SHEN Xi-hong,ZHAN Xiao-deng,ZHANG Ying-xin,WU Wei-ming,CAO Li-yong,CHENG Shi-hua(Chinese National Center for Rice Improvement /State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology,China National Rice Research Institute,Hangzhou 310006,China)  
To clarify the most appropriate sample size for obtaining phenotypic data for a single line,we investigated the main-effect QTL(M-QTL) of a quantitative trait plant height(ph) in a recombinant inbred line(RIL) population of rice(derived from the cross between Xieqingzao B and Zhonghui 9308) using five individual plants in 2006 and 2009.Twenty-six ph phenotypic datasets from the completely random combinations of 2,3,4,and 5 plants in a single line,and five ph phenotypic datasets from five individual plants were used to detect the QTLs.Fifteen M-QTLs were detected by 1 to 31 datasets.Of these,qph7a was detected repeatedly by all the 31 ph datasets in 2006 and explained 11.67% to 23.93% of phenotypic variation;qph3 was detected repeatedly by all the 31 datasets and explained 5.21% to 7.93% and 11.51% to 24.46% of phenotypic variance in 2006 and 2009,respectively.The results indicate that the M-QTL for a quantitative trait could be detected repeatedly by the phenotypic values from 5 individual plants and 26 sets of completely random combinations of phenotypic data within a single line in an RIL population under different environments.The sample size for a single line of the RIL population did not affect the efficiency for identification of stably expressed M-QTLs.
【Fund】: supported by the grants from the Chinese Natural Science Foundation(Grant No.31071398);; the National Program on Super Rice Breeding the Ministry of Agriculture(Grant No.2010-3);; National High Technology Research and Development Program of China(Grant No.2006AA10Z1E8);; the Provincial Program of ‘8812’ Zhejiang Province China(Grant No.8812-1)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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