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CHEN Zhi_jian (Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Science & Ministry of Water Conservancy, Chengdu 610041 PRC)  
The upper reaches of the Yangtze River is a region with great potential of econcmic development in future and a main weak region in ecology and environment in China. And it is a key region that will realize the goals of the National Program for Ecological and Environmental Development and organic coordination of environment and development. In this paper, the strategic positions of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River in the sustainable development of the national economy in the 21th century and the industrial corridor along the Yangtze River are described. The particular effects of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River on the development of the Southwest, the Nothwest and the west of China, and the riddance from poverty for the poor mountatinous districts as well as the economic promotion of the minority nationalities regions are pointed out. Moreover, the ecological and environmental functions and the protected purposes of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River are discussed in view of the transition, sensitivity and fragility of ecology and environment in this region, and important forniter defense of ecology and environment of the Yangtze River and basin, a kernel area of the conservation of water resources, the conservation of bio_diversity and store house of variety and gene, response to and impact on the global environmental change, and problems respecting environment and development, etc.
【Fund】: 科技部国家社会发展科技攻关项目!“长江上游环境变迁、生态重建示范与流域可持续发展研究”的部分预研性成果
【CateGory Index】: X21
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