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《Journal of Mountain Research》 2005-05
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The Cause of Meteorological Formation and Monitoring on Landslide and Debris Flow Disasters in Yunnan

XIE Mingen~1,CHENG Jiangang~1,FAN Bo~2 (1.Meteorological Bureau of Yunnan Province,Kunming 650034,China;2.Simao Municipal Meteorological Bureau of Yunnan Province,Simao 665000,China)  
The formation environmental background and distribution about landslide and debris flow disasters in Yunnan Province have been analyzed by using historical natural disaster data.It is shown for typial disaster events of landslide and debris flow caused by rainfall from 1965 to 2002,the relationship between landslide,debris flow disasters and meteorological environment has been studied. Landslide and debris flow disasters in Yunnan occur mainly in July and August in the midsummer,major influencing synoptic systems includes shear line,cold front,westerly trough,southwest vortex,storm of the Bay of Bengal,westward typhoon from the South China Sea and convergence area between two highs.There are three precipitation patterns in early days caused landslide and debris flow disasters in Yunnan which includes rainstorm,moderate-heavy rain and cloudy-rainy weather for several days.The regional critical rainfall comprehensive index caused landslide and debris flow disasters has been given: finally,the meteorological monitoring and warning technical methods with landslide and debris flow disasters are further discussed.
【Fund】: 云南省自然科学基金重点项目“云南重大气候灾害形成机理研究”(2003D0014Z)资助~~
【CateGory Index】: P642.23;
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