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《Journal of Mountain Science》 2010-03
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Experimental Study on Lothological Characteristic with Danxia Landform,Jianglang Mountain,Zhejiang Province

ZHANG Guangsheng1,2,ZHU Cheng1,YU Jinbiao1,LI Zhongxuan1,KONG Qingyou3 (1.School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China; 2. Department of Urban Construction and Environmental Science,West Anhui University,Luan,Anhui 237012,China; 3. School of Earth Sciences and Engineering,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China)  
22 block of rock specimens were collected from Fangyan major rock group (K1f) on Jianglang Mountain,Zhejiang Province.X-ray fluorescence analysis on macroelement and oxidate content,thin-section polarizing microscope identification were carried out.The causes of the relationship between the development of Jianglang Mountain Danxia lithology and topographic features was analyzed:(1)Volcanic gravel and debris content of conglomerate on Fangyan Group (K1f) is relatively high. The content of SiO2 is also high (44.90%~75.80% in between),It indicated that its ability of resistance to weathering is strong.It is the reasons that "Three Stone" on Jianglang Mountain can still stand tall through the vicissitudes. Jianglang Mountain became Danxia a typical representative of old age period of developmental. (2) The ability of resistance to weathering of Fangyan Group (K1f) sandstone is relatively weak,its main component of cement is the calcite,intergranular apertuer gapporosity about 20%~25%,partial visibility of the dissolution of calcite cement phenomenon. Identification of thin-section polarizing microscope on rock also can be seen,the intergranular porosity is likely to be calcite cement has been the result of corrosion,but also constitute a sandstone rock rhyolite debris,such as its pore structure itself,these cuttings at can be seen under the microscope has a strong clay,and rock of less wind resistance,which constitutes one of the area lithology sandstone landform erosion and the main reason for the higher degree of weathering. (3) Fangyan Group (K1f) lithology played a decisive role on the process of development of Danxia landform on Jianglang Mountain.This lithological characteristics and resistance to weathering of the difference in ability lead to differences in weathering phenomenon in the area. It is the foundation that the mountain collapsed,flat cave formation and "Three Stone" standing on Jianglang Mountain because of the lithologic differences.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40871014);; 浙江省建设厅丹霞地貌申报世界遗产项目;; 南京大学现代分析中心测试基金共同资助成果~~
【CateGory Index】: P931
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