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《Shanghai Land & Resources》 2015-04
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Remote sensing investigation and monitoring of illegal exploitation of rare earth in Guangdong province

ZHU Jun-Feng;WANG Geng-Ming;LI Wen-Sheng;Guangdong Geologic Survey Institute;  
The illegal exploitation of rare earth has brought a series of problems. Remote sensing technology has been used to dynamically monitor the illegal exploitation of rare earth minerals in Guangdong Province in recent years. A remote sensing investigation method for rare earth illegal mining and its characteristics and change trend in Guangdong Province are discussed based on mineral satellite images acquired in 2010–2014, and the existing problems are summarized and analyzed. The results show that rare earth illegal mining in Guangdong Province generally increased, decreased, and then rebounded. The suspected illegal mining patterns show a wide distribution, but less continuous illegal mining. The exploitation locations have become more hidden in the past two years. Thus, the difficulty of remote sensing monitoring has increased. In view of the short and rapid characteristics of the rare earth mining cycle, the use of various types of domestic satellite images for dynamic monitoring was recommended. In addition, because rare earth mining locations are remote and hidden, the use of low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicles for the remote sensing monitoring of concentrated areas of rare earth mining was recommended.
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局地质大调查项目“广东省矿山环境监测”(1212011220081)
【CateGory Index】: TD865;P237
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