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《Shanghai Environmental Sciences》 2012-03
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Effects of Sediment-Associated Tributyltin(TBT) on the Hepato-Pancreatic Antioxidant Defence System of Bellamya aeruginosa

Peng Jinying Liu Jia Ma Taowu~* Zhou Ke Zhu Cheng(College of Biology and Environmental Science,Jishou University,Jishou 416000)  
Bellamya aeruginosa was chosen as a test species to investigate the effects of chronic exposure (for 30 days) to tributyltin(TBT) spiked sediments on the activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and catalase (CAT),as well as the contents of glutathione(GSH) in the hepato-pancreas through a static exposure experiment. The results showed that the chronic exposure to TBT with relatively low concentration(100 ng/g sediment) had effects neither on the activities of SOD and CAT nor on the contents of GSH.The SOD activities presented a concentration-dependent increase at TBT concentrations of 500~1,000 ng/g whilst the CAT activities did so at TBT concentrations of 200~1,000 ng/g.High concentration of TBT(2,000 ng/g),however,would cause a steep decline of SOD and CAT activities with 67.33%and 54.87%drop-off,respectively,compared to the control groups.The GSH contents showed a concentration-dependent decrease at TBT concentrations of 200~1,000 ng/g with sharply dropping 76.87%when TBT at high concentration(2,000 ng/g).As the chronic exposure to TBT at environmental levels would cause oxidative stress to hepato-pancreas of Bellamya aeruginosa,the chronic exposure to TBT with high concentration could give rise to severe oxidative damages to hepato-pancreas.It was suggested that CAT and GSH be used as effective biomarkers for evaluating the chronic exposure to TBT at environmental levels.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 编号:20677021
【CateGory Index】: X174
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