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《Journal of Social Sciences》 2008-11
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The Societal Exclusion Inherent in the Democratic Idea and Its Remedies:Charles Taylor's Criticism on the Procedural Liberalism

Wang Xinsheng Ning Lefeng  
Charles Taylor,a Canadian political philosopher,claims that liberal democracy is a philosophy of inclusion and so the democratic politics must demand political identity with strong cohesion,without which the inclusion would fade away.But contradictorily,the temptation to exclusion is inherent in the political identity based on strong cohesion and is making for the societal exclusion realistically in political practice.In the contemporary democratic theory and political practice,the societal exclusion inherent in the democratic idea threatens the inclusion and brings on the interpretative dilemma in the democratic theory and the wreck of realistic identity.The procedural liberalism abstracts from the reference of historical culture and the idea of good life,falls back on individual freedom,personal right and legitimate procedure,which doesn't make the democratic theory cast off but immerse the dilemma more deeply.In the view of Charles Taylor,the crucial approach of casting off the dilemma is in the public sphere,namely,inventing continuously political identity through the people's exchanging and negotiating equally in it.
【CateGory Index】: D091
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