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《Chinese Journal of Biotechnology》 2012-02
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Roles of phosphatases in pathogen infection:a review

Pei Zhu,Xinqiang Li,and Zhenlun Li Laboratory of Soil Mineral-Organic-Biological Interfacial Interaction,College of Resources and Environment,Southwest University,Chongqing 400716,China  
Phosphatases play a key role not only in cell physiological functions of an organism,but also in host-pathogen interactions.Many studies demonstrated that some Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria could evade host immunity and promote pathogenicity by injecting phosphatases into host cells through type III secretion system.However,there were few reports about pathogenic fungi evading the immunity of hosts.Our researches indicated that the entomogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae could dephosphorylate the signal transduction substance of locust humoral immunity specifically in vitro by secreting extracellular protein tyrosine phosphatase,which implied that the fungus might interfere with the immune defense of locust.To provide reference for further studies of the functions of phosphatases,we reviewed the types of phosphatases and their roles in pathogen infection.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(No.30871630);; 重庆市自然科学基金(No.CSTC 2009BB1292);; 西南大学生态学重点学科“211工程”建设平台资助~~
【CateGory Index】: Q93
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