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《Collected Papers of History Studies》 2012-01
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On Jiang Yong(江永)and Western Learning

XU Dao-bin(Center for Hui Studies,Anhui University,Hefei,Anhui,230039,China)  
In the history of mathematics and astronomy of Qing Dynasty,Jiang Yong's(江永)attitude towards Western learning has always been controversial.Mei Juecheng(梅瑴成),Qian Daxin(钱大昕)and Qian Xizuo(钱熙祚) were all critical of Jiangyong though Qian Baocong(钱宝琮) agreed with him.The assessment of later generations for the most part is criticism out of political stance and is less real academic evaluation.The three Qian's(三钱)criticism of Jiang Yong represents the knowledge level and political awareness of different periods.This paper explores the position and influence of Jiangyong in the history of mathematics and astronomy of Qing Dynasty by making use of Jiangyong's criticism and summary of Mei Wending's(梅文鼎) learning so as to correct the misunderstanding of relationship between Jiangyong and Mei Wending,and hence probes into the dilemma between learning and politics that the traditional scholar-bureaucrats confronted and their coping strategy when Western learning spread to the East.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社科规划基金项目“清代礼学与徽州社会”(10YJA770060);教育部人文社科重点研究基地、安徽大学徽学研究中心招标项目“徽州学者的西学研究”(2011sk680zd)
【CateGory Index】: K249;O112
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