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《Chinese Teaching in the World》 2011-02
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The Nature of Interjections:Pro-sentences

Liu Danqing  
The term ‘interjection’and traditional statements on interjections based on this term fail to cover many lexical items that syntactically behave like interjections.Inspired by somedomestic and overseas researchers’recent ideas on interjections,this paper proposes that the nature of interjections is pro-sentences.Interjections are closest in nature with pro-forms like pronouns among the word classes.While proforms are the substitution of words or phrases,interjections are that of clauses or sentences.The holophrastic function of interjections exhibits some primitiveness,with the sounds beyond the canonical phonological systems.The sounds of some interjections display phonetic iconicity or intuitional and physical reactions.The speech acts that interjections can stand for include declarative,interrogative,imperative,interjectional and addressing ones,which are illustrated in the paper with data from both the standard and dialectical Chinese speeches.
【Fund】: 中国社会科学院B类重点项目“语言库藏类型学”资助
【CateGory Index】: H146
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