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《Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering》 2006-02
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A general explanation of water resources allocation on river basin level under different water right modes with game theory

PENG Xiang,HU He-ping(Institute of Hydrology & Water Resources,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China)  
Based on some classical analyzing cases made with the game theory,the behaviors of the water users participating the water allocation concerned under different water right modes are explained rationally herein combined with the characteristics of the water resources allocation on river basin level.The analysis shows that the so-called "tragedy of the commons" is to be occurred in the utilization of water resources as the individual rationality and negative externality of water resources are there under the public water right mode.Simultaneously,it is proved that not only the water resources in a river basin is to be overused,but also the social welfare for the whole basin concerned is not to be optimized under the condition of the water right short of exclusivity or the water right system designed imperfectly.Under this circumstance,the water user situated on the upper reach of a river possess the first-mover advantage and then can use the water immoderately,as a result,the benefit of the lower reach water user will be damaged.Therefore,it is impossible to realize the optimization of the whole basin's water resources allocation with Pareto improvement under the effect of the individual rationality.
【CateGory Index】: TV213.4
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