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《Advances In Water Science》 2003-01
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Atmospheric hydrologic cycle over the Qilian-Heihe Valley

WANG Keli, CHENG Guodong, JIANG Hao, ZHANG Lijie(Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China)  
The atmospheric hydrologic cycle over the QilianHeihe Valley are analyzed by using the observed data of meteorological stations and the NCEP/NCAR monthly mean data from 1958 to 1997 Some significant results are showed The sparse water vapor source is reason one of little water vapor in atmosphere over the Valley, and the water vapor flux divergence is reason two of that The higher precipitation efficiency and less evaporation are prone to accumulate water substance into runoff over the higher Qilian Mountain than the lower Heihe Vale The lower precipitation efficiency make less precipitation amount over Heihe Vale and correspond with evaporation amount so as to contribute quite smallness for runoff In the atmosphere column over the area of 25°×25°, the annual influent water vapor amount is 6*#678×108*!m3, the annual effluent water vapor amount is 6*#502×108*!m3, and the net water vapor amount is 176×108*!m3 Over the QilianHeihe Valley, it is inevitable that the precipitation amount will be reduced because the influent water vapor is reducing along with air temperature rising year after year
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划资助项目(G2000048703);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所创新资助项目(CACX210035)
【CateGory Index】: P339
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