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《Advances in Water Science》 2006-04
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Impact of forest and grass ecosystems on the water budget of the catchments

DAI Jun-feng~(1,2),CHEN Jia-zhou~2,CUI Yuan-lai~1,HE Yuan-qiu~3,MA Ji-gang~4(1.State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072,China;2.College of Resource and Environment,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China;3.Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China;4.Management Bureau of Water Diversion from the Yellow River into Qingdao of Shandong Province,Jinan 250013,China)  
The characteristics of the temporalspatial distribution of the surface runoff,the percolation from the root zone, the evapotranspiration and the soil water storage of the four forest and grass ecosystems(the natural grassland,the board-leaved forest land,the mixed forest land and the coniferous forest land) in the hilly region of red soil are studied with the soil and water assessment tool(SWAT) 99.2 model.The outputs of SWAT model are calibrated and validated against the observed surface runoff.Comparing the simulated monthly surface runoff with the observed one,we gain a good result with a deterministic efficiency of 0.90 and an simulation efficiency of 0.74.The results shows the variation of the rainfall within a year is the most important factor that leads to the difference of the monthly surface runoff,the percolation and the soil water storage in the red soil area.And the annual fluctuation of weather conditions,especially the rainfall,results in the fluctuation of the water budget.Of the water outputs,the surface runoff and the percolation are influenced most by the rainfall,then the evapotranspiration.The annual fluctuation of the soil water storage is very little.Compared with the natural grassland,the forest land reduces the surface runoff more effectively,in which the board-leaved forest land and the mixed forest land are preferable.The water infiltration property of the forest land is better than the natural grassland.And the evapotranspiration of the forest land is much larger than that of the natural grassland.The results show that land use mostly influences the short-term water budget in the region scale.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40301019);; 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助项目(NCET-04-0664)~~
【CateGory Index】: P333.1
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