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《Petroleum Exploration and Development》 2003-02
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Basic features of petroleum geology in the superimposed petroliferous basins of China and their research methodologies

ZHAO Wen zhi, ZHANG Guang ya, WANG Hong jun, WANG She jiao, WANG Ze cheng(Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, PetroChina, Beijing 100083, P. R. China)  
The continental plates of China have undergone a long history of several geologic evolution cycles since Phanerozoic, which have caused the formation of superimposed sedimentary basins characterized with the terrestrial facies of Mesozoic to Cenozoic sitting upon the marine and marine to terrestrial facies of Paleozoic sequence. The superimposed basins can be divided into three basic types according to their development features occurring during different geological ages, namely: the successive, gradually transformed, and transformed types. Specific petroleum exploration concepts and technology are generated in this paper to determine the potential petroleum distribution, because some of the petroleum geologic phenomena of the superimposed basins has exceeded the range of present petroleum geology theory. Under deeply buried and overpressured conditions, the mechanism of hydrocarbon generation and expulsion, the formation of traps and the distribution of hydrocarbons are not confined or explained by over late reservoir formation under source kitchen control's theory and annealing geological background, hence the distribution of large oilfields does not follow the existed model which called source kitchen control's theory. The properties of reservoirs at the deep interval with the features of early formation of hydrocarbon accumulation and late burial as well as the formation of secondary pores, fractures and dissolved cave and cavern are much better than that we predicted on the basis of common theory of petroleum geology. To understand the formation and distribution of hydrocarbon accumulations in superimposed basins requires integrated research that takes the process oriented study as the key component. The exploration technologies should be chosen according the stage of exploration and the required results, and should be used in a complementary manner. In this way we can achieve difficult objectives with the best efficiency.
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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