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《Advances in Science and Technology of Water Resources》 2011-01
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Ecosystem services of highland lakes and their impact on hydropower development

LI Zhao-xia,JIANG Xiao-yan (School of Engineering Science,Tibet Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College,Linzhi 860000,China)  
Based on analyzing the characteristics of lakes in Tibet,the ecosystem services of lakes in Tibet were divided into 4 categories: product function,regulation function,life support fucntion and education and entertainment function.An evaluation index system for the ecosystem services of lakes was established,including flood storage,hydropower generation,water(mineral) product supply,water accumulation,soil retention,environment purification,climate regulation,habitats and ecological recreation.Take Yamdrok Yum Lake in Tibet as an example,the annual value of its ecosystem services was estimated to be 113.942×108 Yuan RMB,with the annual direct and indirect values being 3.808×108 Yuan and 110.134×108 Yuan,respectively.The impact of construction and operation of Yamdrok Yum Lake Pumped Storage Power Station on the ecosystem services was analyzed,indicating that there was certain effect on the quality of drinking water from the tailrace outlet of Yamdrok Yum Lake Pumped Storage Power Station to the right bank of Qushui Bridge on Yarlung Zangbo River.The results show that the hydropower development of Yamdrok Yum Lake has small impact of its ecosystem services.
【Fund】: 教育部科学技术研究重点项目(209119);; 西藏科技厅地区基金(2010061)
【CateGory Index】: X171;TV72
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