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《Acta Theriologica Sinica》 1988-03
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COMPARATIVE MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY ON HAIR OF SABLE (MARTES ZIBELLINA) AND MINK (MUSTELA VISON)

ZHAO Baosheng (Department of Aquiculture, Dalian Fisheries College)  
There are three categories of hair in sable (Martes zibellna) and mink (Mustela vi-son) . The guard hairs are straight, and thicken very gradually from the base to the distal three quarters of the shaft with a well-developed cortical layer. The pile hairs are shorter and thinner, and have a three waves or more, well-developed medulla. The fur hairs are shortest and thinnest, and have five waves. The medulla is well developed. By scanning electron microscope (SEM), the cuticles hair according to the shape of edge are roughly divided into four categories: ripple, acuminate, rhombus and inverted triangle. By light microscope (LM) , the patterns of hair medulla are roughly divided into three categories: net-medulla, mono-column and poly-column medulla. The comparison of the observed results show that there are diferences at the shape of cuticle as well as medulla between the sable and mink. They show the distinction of species. So the patterns of cuticle and medulla may be acted as the reference index in the classification of the mammal.
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