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《Life Science Research》 2006-04
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Characteristics of Calcium Oxalate Crystals of Several Species in Impatiens and Their Taxonomic Significance

CHEN Wei,LIU Ke-ming,CONG Yi-yan,CAI Xiu-zhen(College of Life Sciences,Hunan Normal University,Changsha 410081,Hunan,China)  
Stem morphology and characteristics of calcium oxalate crystals in seven species in Impatiens were studied.The results showed that there were little anatomical differences between the seven species,but the diversity of the characteristics of calcium oxalate crystals was big.All of the seven species in Impatiens contain raphides.According to morphological characters of the raphides,three types of the raphides were divided as follows: focal raphides,clustered raphides and scattered raphides.The focal raphides appeared in Impatiens siculife,I.longicornuta,I.leveillei and I.rubro-striata.While no focal raphides and only clustered raphides or scattered raphides were observed in the rest three species,which were I.pritzelii,I.siculifer var.porphyrea and I.stenosepala.Besides,the shape,length,distribution and the abundance degree of the raphides are different among the seven species in Impatiens.The characteristic of calcium oxalate crystals seems to be of important significance in Impatiens taxon.
【Key Words】: calcium oxalate crystals raphide anatomy taxonomic Impatiens
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30470130);; 国家自然科学基金重大国际合作项目(39899400);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX-SW-122)
【CateGory Index】: Q946;Q949
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